98-365 – Microsoft MTA Windows Server 2008 – Introduction

  1. Welcome!

Hello and welcome. My name is Marius, and I am very, very happy that you decided to join me. MTA, Windows Seven Administration Fundamentals I am again very, very happy and excited that we are going to talk about service. In this lecture, I’ll go over three major aspects of COVID. What is this training all about? Who am I? certificates in it. The first point is: what is this training all about? We are going to talk about Windows 7. We will COVID Windows Seven 2008 and 2012. Even though MTA focuses on Windows Seven 2008, I like to talk about the latest solutions as well. MTA was created by Microsoft to give you a very easy starting point. If you want to get a certificate, put a nice logo on your CV. You’re not ready for more advanced certificates and paths. The MTA is great. We are going to COVID all MTA sections. Of course, there are labs and everything else you need to pass your exam. That’s why in every single section, I created a short quiz to make sure you’re ready, you’re comfortable, and you can move on. There is also an intro video for every single section where I talk about things that we are going to learn in COVID. Who are you? Well, my name is Marius. I have been working in it for many, many years. I started as a web designer, then I moved into a support role. I was an IT manager, a network engineer, and a security engineer.

So I have had a lot of different jobs. And of course, I worked with and still work with Microsoft services, especially Windows Server 2003, 2008, and 2012 as well. certificates in it. It is really important to get a certificate. It is something that, in most cases, is even more important than a degree. Of course, it makes no sense to get a certificate if you do not have any experience. For instance, you are going to pass your MTA exam, and you have never worked with Microsoft services. You can go for, let’s say, MCSE 2012. You will spend a year studying and memorising things, and in my opinion, it is a waste of time and money. Yes, it is, because you’re not going to get a job like that anyway. Even if you get there, that will be a nightmare. Okay. Many advanced features are difficult to simulate in a home network. That’s why certificates are important. However, do not go for 25 certificates with no experience. It makes absolutely no sense. In our next lecture, we are going to talk about MTA in detail. I’ll show you the paths available and the exams that you have to take to become MTA certified. Thank you very much.

  1. What is MTA all about? Is it worth it?

MTA exams. Microsoft decided to introduce MTA as a way to compete with some other vendors and companies because they had been offering similar exams and certificates for years. We can think about CompTIA, for instance. CompTIA offers things like A+, for instance. Okay, so this is a good certificate if you want to start your career as a support engineer. So it is a plus. We have Cisco. It’s CCENT from Cisco. It is a good certificate if you want to start your career as a network support engineer. Okay? And the same applies to Microsoft. They decided to introduce MTA to give you a certificate—an exam that is not as difficult as things like MCSA. MCITP covers some fairly advanced topics in all of these areas. And it’s not easy to start if, like, I have never worked with a server before. What do you want from me? It’s not possible for me to master all these things right away. Here’s a table from Microsoft that summarises all of the major certificates and paths you can take. Of course, we are interested in this area here. That is the MTA. It infrastructure. And we are after this guy over here. Okay? Windows server administration fundamentals Please note that there are some other options available. If you’re interested in SQL, you can go for databases. Web apps, MTA, and MTA for software developers are available. It all depends on what you’re interested in. A few words about your exam Of course, you have to go to a testing centre and pass an exam. Passing score. In most cases, it is 70%. That’s what Microsoft has on most of their exams: 70%. And now people ask, “Okay, is it a difficult exam?” So let’s say one is very easy and five is really difficult. I’d say the MTA exam is two or even one. Okay, maybe 1.5. It is a pretty easy exam. When you check my quizzes, I think they are around 2.53. That’s my quiz. That’s the exam. It is a good thing that you practise questions that are more difficult than the ones you’re going to face on your exam. It makes sense to do it that way. It is a test that I enjoy taking. People say it’s easy.

However, I think it’s fair, and it’s like you know or you don’t know. You will not find a lot of tricky questions. It’s like, “What if it’s not going to happen?” The MTA is okay. Do you know what “active directory” is? Do you know what storage is? How do you join a PC to the domain? Do you know or do you not know? There are no simulations. It’s pretty easy. Of course, it can change. You have to check with Microsoft. Please do that before going for your exam, because it does change from time to time. Please ensure that you double-check that. Make sure, because maybe they will decide, “Oh, we want to include a simulation now.” It’s not on the exam at the moment, but it can change there. It is a pretty easy exam. Of course, it doesn’t mean no; it just means I don’t have to study. No, not at all. It’s easy if you compare it to MCSA. They are extremely difficult, MCSC.

That’s why Microsoft did that. because MCSA is roughly four. Okay? MCS is like five. That’s why there was a gap. Microsoft decided to introduce MCP MTA to help you get started in the field. A few words about studying First of all, take notes when you watch your spots. Oh, I didn’t know that. Take notes, go through all topics, and follow the links. It’s really important in many videos. I’ll give you a link. Oh, by the way, check this or that. Make sure you do that. It’s really important to read a little more. Make sure that you do that. Read a book. It is a good idea to read a book. I have created a lot of documents for you as well. It will be like a small book. Anyway, make sure that you read all these things and memorise everything before you go for your exam. Questions are important. Yes. That’s why I created a quiz for every single section. You have to make sure that you’re okay with these questions before you move on. Build your own lab. It is extremely important. The best way to study is to say that there is a section where I show you how to instal Windows Seven 2008. So you should start with Udemy Play and then move on to your own. Assume you’re going to use VMware’s virtual PC. Don’t worry; we are going to talk about all these things.

And then you pause the video and say, “Okay, so let me do that.” So you click and you say, “Okay, this window is, yeah, I can see okay.” And then you play. And then you stop. Say okay, but what will happen if I give it a go? Make Your Own Lab Before we get started, I decided to include two videos. I want to make sure we’re on the same page. There are some things that might be obvious to some of you. They might be obvious to me. However, I am grateful that it is MTA. That’s why maybe you have never worked in service. You do not have a lot of experience, even with Windows 7. It’s pretty important if you’re interested. And that’s what I always say—that it’s not enough to focus on service. You should have a very good idea about it. In general, I have a really interesting course on general networking. You can check it or do anything else. Just buy a magazine and read what’s inside. Make sure that you know how to set up, I don’t know, a router, how to buy a new screen, and what’s inside of a PC. It’s extremely important, and it will make your life much easier when you go to Windows Server. Of course, Windows Server administration fundamentals We’re not going to talk about wireless, okay? We’re not going to do that. However, it is important to know how it works, and knowing that will help you understand some other topics as well because you will have a very good idea about it in general. Thank you very much.

  1. Let’s make sure we are on the same page here

Windows provides administration fundamentals. I want to make sure we’re on the same page. Here you all are, saying, “What do you mean?” I appreciate that a lot of things might be new for you, and I don’t really want to spend a lot of time talking about things like that. When we get to Active Directory storage domains, I want to focus on things that are really interesting, if you know what I mean. It’s like I don’t want to keep showing basic things because, first of all, it might be boring for some of us because you say, “Okay, mate, just move on.” Yeah, I know how to do that. And second of all, it is not easy for me to focus on two things at the same time. That’s why I decided to include a video like that. Make sure that you’re okay with things like IP addresses,  DHCP, and how to use the command line in Windows. That is similar to a requirement for MTA. Still, I appreciate that maybe you do not do that. You do not work with Windows every day, say seven or eight.

You do not have a lot of experience, and that’s why it is a good idea to learn all these things. I created a short document for you. I encourage you to download it and make sure that you especially click on and visit all the websites that I recommended. Of course, play with all the things that I described. We’ll be spending a lot of time with Windows 7. I am logged in. We’re going to start with Windows Seven. We’ll spend some time going through some options, like the Control Panel Device Manager. We are going to make sure that you’re okay with some basic tasks in Windows 7. It will make your life much easier when we get to the services and features that you can enable. So let’s start with Go. To begin, right-click on Computer and select Properties. It is a very important screen because it summarises a lot of things that are related to Windows Seven and, later, Service as well. So please make sure that you try it out on your own PC. Of course, if you have Windows 7 or Windows 8, the experience will be very similar.

Of course, you don’t have the Start menu. Thank you, Microsoft 8.1. However, there is something in the Control Panel System and Security System. This is a screen where you can customise a lot of options. First and foremost, go to Advanced System Settings. Okay? This is a screen that allows you to, for instance, change some visual effects for Windows, and you have access to some additional tabs. One of them is a computer name? Here. When you click on Change, you can change the name of your computer, and later on, we are going to use this section.

We are going to become members of a domain here. For now, you can change a computer’s name. You have more options when you click here. You can ignore it for now. Okay, so let’s do it again just to make sure you’re okay with that. Begin by right-clicking and selecting Properties. Make sure that you read everything that is here. It will show RAM and CPU usage. Then we go to the advanced system settings. Here. You can change the visual effects. And when you go to “Computer Name,” you can change it. You have access to that feature directly from here. When you click Change Settings, you will be taken directly to Computer Name. It doesn’t matter.

I like to click on “Advanced System Settings” because it is on the left side. I don’t have to scroll down or anything like that. Now when we check that screen, you can see Windows Updates, another very important screen as well. You can check for updates and make sure that you can change settings. And in here you can decide, well, I don’t want to get any updates. When and so on, I want it to happen automatically. You can customise all these features from here. IP Addresses: It is time to discuss what an IP address is. How to change an IP address in Windows: What We Need to Know to Move to Service First, we’ll access the Network and Sharing Center by clicking on this small icon here. Yeah, so you click here and access the Network and Sharing Center. It is a place where Microsoft decided to put all network-related tasks and options. The most important screen for us is changing adapter settings. Inside, you will find all your Niccards, interface cards, and network interface cards. It means that this is a card that is connected to our network. When you double-click on it, you will get two properties.

This screen, TCP/IPV4, is of particular interest to us. There are two versions of IP addresses that are in use. It’s IPV-4; that’s what we use every day. In a few years, IPV 6 will replace IPV 4. We are interested in IPV-4 again. What is an IP address? An IP address is something that allows you to be identified on the network. It’s an IP address. When you double-click, you have two options. You can decide, and I want to say what my IP address is. It’s called a static IP address.

Then you just type the IP address. There are four digits, and it’s a dot here. So there are private IP addresses, but it’s not really important. If you’re interested, please watch, for instance, my General Networking or CCNA. You can learn a little more about networking. For now, the most popular IP address in the world starts with 192.168.1 and the last octet. That’s what it’s called: any number between one and two, five, and four. Let’s say I want to have eleven. Then, when you press the tab key, it will fill in the subnet mask automatically. The default gateway is your router. It is a device that, in most cases, allows you to connect to the Internet. How can I know what the IP address is? Well, I don’t know. I can ask my network administrator or my Internet service provider, for example. Okay, I will make it up. It doesn’t matter. It should be on the same subnet.

So it means the first three octaves. The first three digits should be the same: 1921, say dot one, and let’s say the last 1254. Okay. Now, the DNS domain name server allows you to translate names into IP addresses. For instance, if you type Google.com into Firefox, your browser says, “Well, what is Google.com?” I have no idea, and I don’t really care. I need an IP address, and Firefox will use a DNS server. DNS will reply and say, “Oh, Google.com is.” And whatever IP address Google uses, of course, you can specify the IP address of your own DNS server.

There are some public DNS servers. It means they are available for free on the Internet. The most popular one is eight. Eight are managed and owned by Google. When you press OK, all these settings will be saved. You press OK again. That’s it. Now let’s go back, and we have to discuss one more thing that is inside the default option. When you first access these settings, and in most cases, you will see these two options. What does it mean? It means that you will get an IP address automatically from something that is called a DHCP server. It is a server that only leaves IP addresses. It means: why is it important? It is because you don’t really want to go to 200 PCs and assign static IP addresses. You want to have one server, and this server will take care of it.

And the way it works is called DHCP. You have a DHCP server, and Windows 7 is a DHCP client. And how you enable it simply leaves these two options. Then Windows 7 will start looking for a DHCP server and say, “Well, I don’t have an IP address; do we have a DHCP server around?” If there is one, it will provide an IP address for that PC. Okay, let’s close it now. A very important tool that we are going to use is the command-line interface (CMD). You can type CMD or you can type command, and then you have a command prompt. I like to type CMD because it’s much faster, and you just press Enter. It will be a nice black screen. And this is where you type commands. Okay, for instance, CLS stands for clear screen. Another one that you should know is IP configuration. It will show the settings that we applied two minutes ago. Please note we have our IP address, subnet mask, which identifies the network, and our router’s default gateway. Okay? And you just type the commands that you need in here. When you’re done, you type “exit.” One more command that I wanted to show you is ping. It allows you to check if something is alive.

It uses a special protocol called ICMP. It doesn’t really matter. The idea is that I want to check. I want to ask: are you alive? And if something is alive, it will reply. I’ll show you that I had to connect to my own PC because this test is for Windows 7. There is no access to the Internet. So here you type “ping,” and then it can be a name. For instance, let’s say Google dot com dot UK. Then, as you will see (please note), you will see an IP address. The IP address that you can see here is from Google. Okay, that’s Google Co., Ltd., in the UK. And then you say, “Oh, yes, there is a reply.” It means that this server is alive. It means it decided to reply to our question.

We asked, “Can you ping?” Of course, if you know the IP address, you can ping it directly. Do you remember Google Eight Eight’s DNS server? You press Enter, and then you can begin pinging 8 8 8. And of course, there is no need for DNS because you specified an IP address directly. Okay, that’s what I wanted to do with COVID. In this section of your homework, make sure that you go through all these tools that I have covered in the last 15 minutes. Please ensure that you are familiar with Control Panel. Go and play; see what’s inside. Try. I always tell my students to start thinking as an administrator, not as a user. No, start thinking like an administrator.

Okay. You may be interested in some more advanced options. For instance, I will give you one example. Let’s say you want to add a user account. Okay? How do you do that? If everything goes well, I’ll go to the Control Panel, where I can see user accounts. And the answer is no; you don’t do it that way. This section is for users. For instance, infrastructure engineers and support engineers create accounts and manage Windows 7. We right-click on “Computer,” and you can see that we have access to a variety of useful tools. and one of them will allow you to create a new account. Here we go.

We have our accounts. You select users. Here you can right-click and create a new user. Okay, it is just an example. Start thinking as an administrator. Be interested. Okay, what will happen if I right-click here? What are my options? Okay, what does it mean? Don’t show. What is “share”? Okay, what if I click on the link—oh, it’s only open? Oh, I can show it on the desktop. Nice. Okay, be interested. Experiment with Windows 7. Make sure that you go through the document that I created for you. In our next video, we will talk about service and, again, some things that you have to know before we start installing our first Windows Server 2008 and 12. Thank you very much.

  1. What is a Server?

What is a server? I want to make sure we’re on the same page here. That’s why I decided to record a video and show you some basics. Make sure that you understand what a server is and what a peer-to-peer network is. We’ll talk about some previous versions of Windows servers as well. There are two solutions that you can go for. You can have a peer-to-peer network or a server-based network.

As you can imagine, this is Windows 7 administration fundamentals; of course, that’s why our main focus will be on the second solution, a server-based network. It is really important to understand a peer-to-peer network as well because it is a popular solution. For instance, a home network or even a really small company That is the topology that you can see on the screen. And now I circled one device, and that is a question for you. What is that? What is it? Well, in most cases, it is a switch. a device that allows you to connect more than one computer.

You can connect laptops, printers, servers, and so on. A peer-to-peer network is made up of a group of computers or devices that can see and communicate with one another. However, there is no central location for things like files, authentication, printers, access, remote control, and so on. I would like to give the following example: Let’s say this guy downloaded a really cool video from the Internet and wants to share it with everybody. Well, he will have to email or send it to all the guys. Imagine that there are like 30 PCs over here. It’s not an easy task. We are transitioning to a server-based network. In this case, we have a server. Yes, we have a server. We need a switch for the servers over here because they need to see each other. Okay? It doesn’t change anything. We need a switch. Okay, we have a server. It means that this guy can upload a clip like that to the server, and everyone else can download it directly from the server.

That’s a good thing. Of course, you can share files, use printers, and gain remote access to servers. There are a lot of roles and things that you can implement, and that’s what our training is all about. We are going to talk about and implement a lot of interesting features. Now, a question that you can Okay, fair enough. That makes sense. Do we have any disadvantages? Because that is the best possible solution. Why would you go for a peer-to-peer network if you can have a server-based network? Well, there are two main things that you have to consider.

First of all, you have to pay for the server. Is it expensive? Well, it all depends. For a small company, you can buy a server for about £500. That will be a small server. You can buy a decent server for £500. If you want more features, you have to have more users. You must, you know, invest at least $2,3K or more in a server. And in most cases, you need more than one server. for instance, for redundancy. Or you go for a server with more than one power supply, and so on. The second problem is that you need someone who knows how to configure, add features, and then tweak everything that you want. It means you need a support engineer; you need an “it guy.” For a small company, it is a problem. They cannot really hire a full-time IT guy.

Of course, they can sign a contract with a support company, and they will gladly assist, set it up for you, connect remotely, and resolve any issues that may arise. In my opinion, these two things should be considered if you want to go with a server-based network. On the other hand, you don’t really have a choice. A peer-to-peer network is really limited. And it’s not only that, oh, I have to send a clip three times. No, there is no authentication. It is extremely difficult to implement and control security policies. Every time you want to change something, you have to go to every single PC. We don’t really do that anymore. And even when you think about that, £500 is not a lot for a small company. When you think about the time and issues that you can have if you go for a peer-to-peer network, remember that it’s not just that you’re going to save some money if you implement a peer-to-peer network. The problem is that it will take forever to implement a new solution or, for instance, add a new user. You have to go to every single PC and do that. On the other hand, there are some applications that can help, and you can manage a peer-to-peer network. It’s not a good solution. And you should go for a server-based network. For Microsoft. It all started with Microsoft Windows NT Seven many, many years ago. Then they created a really good Windows Seven 2000.

Even better than a really awesome Windows 7 2008, 2012 Now, I know it might be boring to look at slides and listen to a guy like me. That’s why it makes sense to see something in ng to look aAs a result, I’ll connect to two servers that are currently running in my network and show you how they work. Okay? My SBS 2008 is the first. There is a video dedicated to additions. It’s the following video; we are going to talk about that. It is based on Windows 7 from 2008. It serves as a file server, backup server, and DHCP server for me. It means I can assign IP addresses to my network devices. It is a DNS server as well. domain name server. It means that if I want to go to Google.com, well, I need an IP address, and a DNS server can do that for me. I use some VPN solutions, or virtual private networks, on that server as well. I have been using that box for, oh, I think three or four years now. I’ve been really happy with it. What I can show you here are several managers. It is like a dashboard that summarises everything that you have to know about the server roles and features. That is like a dashboard—a place where you can start. The second one is Windows Server 2012. In this case, essentials It is designed for a small company, Microsoft.

They implemented a few additional features that can help you make backups, updates, and so on. It is much cheaper as well. Please keep in mind that the Dashboard has been redesigned. It appears to be windows. Eight. Unfortunately, that’s all I have to say about that. MTA’s main focus is on Windows Seven 2008. However, I am going to include Windows Seven 2012 as well, because it is something that you can find in the real world as well. So, let’s say these two guys are Microsoft; as you can see, they have spent many, many years developing the same platform. You can imagine. They have designed and implemented a lot of interesting features. And that’s what our training is all about. We’re going to talk about starting from scratch. In the following video, we’ll discuss several additions, and then we will just go and install Windows Seven 2008. After that, we are going to add some roles, implement Active Directory, talk about virtual PCs, storage, remote access, and everything else that Microsoft implemented for you in Windows Seven 2008 and 2012.

As you probably know, everything moves to the  access, ant is really popular. It’s in the clouds. We don’t need a box anymore. And the same applies to operating systems, servers, Windows 7, Microsoft Office, and everything else. It is just licensed now. It takes about 30 minutes to download from the Internet. You pay for a license, you pay for a key, and you can download a Microsoft Server, Windows 7, and Microsoft Office directly from Microsoft or from one of their partners.

All you have to do is pay a high, sometimes exorbitant, fee for a license. And then you can activate them and take advantage of all the great features that Microsoft decided to implement for you. In this video, we talked about service. I showed you what a peer-to-peer network is all about. We discussed the main roles of a server, and then we saw that Microsoft has spent a lot of time preparing the features that we’re going to talk about. Yes, I remember. Well, I’m too young to remember. Ah. Windows. Nt. However, I remember Windows 2000 when it was released for the first time. That is when I began my career in it. Thank you very much.